Estonian Soil Museum is located in the Department of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of Estonian University of Life Sciences. The soil collections play important role in several aspects: research, history of science, teaching of students and enhancing awareness of society.

The most important collections conserved in museum are following:

Soil monoliths. 133 monoliths are exposed and ca 20 monoliths are in reserve. On the name plate of soil monoliths the Estonian soil names are converted into systems of World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB), of United States Department of Agriculture Soil Taxonomy (USDA) and into Russian Soil Classification (RSC). Paintings characterizing soil regions are presented with soil monoliths. Exposed soil monoliths are accesible in web at Digital Collection of Estionian Soils (CD No 5).

Maps. Collection of soil and other related maps from large-scale (1:10,000) to global scale. Large-scale soil map of Estiona is digitized and available in web (enter to Estonian Land Board Web Map Server – to see soil map layer magnify at least 1:30,000 scale).

Minerals, soil parent materials and local basements sediments. Collection is for study purposes.

Fertilizers. Collection of formerly used fertilizers.

Archive of soil samples. Soil samples from state soil monitoring programme, long-term field experiments, permanent research areas and transects since 1950s.

Academic documents. Dissertations, annual and project final reports, manuscripts and other soil science literature.

Photos. Collection of photos related to soils, landscape, land use etc. Selection of photos are accesible on Soil Images Catalogue.