The collection of Zoomedicum of the Estonian University of Life Sciences was established on the basis of preparations which had been distributed to the Tartu University in 1843 after closing Vilnius Medical-Surgery Academy and later given to the Tartu Veterinary School founded in 1848.
The present zoomedical collection comprises subcollections of anatomy, pathological anatomy, parasitology, and orthopaedics.
The major part of the subcollection of normal anatomy consists of vertebrate skeletons and skulls (mainly of mammals and birds); topographical-anatomical preparations of blood vessels and nerves of domestic animals, corrosion preparations from the internal organs and blood vessels of domestic animals, several moulages, etc. The subcollection of anatomy also contains some unidentified subfossil mammalian bones and bone fragments. Besides, there are specimens of historical preparation instruments as carcass supports, magnifiers, scalpel sharpeners and scales but also injector syringes, liquid vessels, etc.
The subcollection of pathoanatomy and parasitology is composed of micro- and macropreparations, including those of abnormalities caused by contagious diseases that do not exist in Estonia today (cattle plague, malleus), malformations, and as well as of parasites found in birds and fish.
The subcollection of orthopaedics includes samples of healthy and abnormal hooves and cloven hooves; horse- and cattleshoes, soles attached to the horse’s hoof for walking on soft marshy soil, horse-nails and horseshoeing tools.