In 1922 the Phytopathological Experimental Station at the Tartu University was established by the professor of botany Feodor Bucholtz (1872-1924) and later taken over by Professor Elmar Leppik (Lepik). The mycological collection was necessary for determination of local plant diseases and it started with a purchase of ca 2500 specimens of microfungi collected by A. Bäumler mainly in Slovakia. Later the collection was supplemented with local material and by acquisitions and donations from several European countries, with exsiccates and specimens for comparison. The most notable European mycologists represented in the collection are E. Kari, A. Kirulis, K. Linkola, F. Petrak, J Smarods, K. Stares and others. The collection also includes the herbarium of F. Bucholtz (almost 5,000 specimens) and the fungi collected by E. Lep(p)ik largely from Estonia in 1922 – 1944. In the last half-century Anne-Liis Sõmermaa and others have added fungi gathered from Estonia. Exciccates from elsewhere account for about half of about 23,000 collection specimens. Comprehensive historical review of the collection was compiled by E. Parmasto (2011).
At present ca 23,500 items have been included in the joint database of the Estonian fungal collections (https://natarc.ut.ee/en/seenekogud.php). Specimens are mostly in the form of herbarium sheets with associated substrate plant. About 100 research papers and almost 300 booklets on plant protection have been completed on the basis of this herbarium material (mainly up to 1943). The collection also contains the type specimen of Cercospora mercurialis var. latvica Leppik (EAA05724).
Herbarium harbours the oldest scientific mycological library in Estonia, with 790 books and more than 10 periodicals. More information is available in online catalogue ESTER (https://www.ester.ee/search~S52).
Contact person: Kadri Pärtel (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Address: Mycological Collection
Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Kreutzwaldi 5, 51006 Tartu, Estonia
Tel. +372 7 311 895